No two scars look exactly alike. Some scars fade into a pale white outline of what used to be a painful wound. Some scars result from the skin being stretched too far, such as pregnancy stretch marks. Then there are scars that become raised and turn a darker color than that of your normal skin. These scars can be classified as either hypertrophic scars or keloids, and if you have one you know how difficult they can be to deal with. They can be itchy and painful, and are often a cosmetic concern for many people, thus affecting your quality of life both physically and psychologically. You’ve also probably learned that typical scar treatments don’t work on these types of scars. If you’re at a loss for what to do, no need to worry! Below we’re explaining exactly what to do if your scar become raised and discolored.
The cause of both hypertrophic scars and keloids is excessive collagen production during the wound healing process. Collagen is a structural protein that forms the extracellular matrix (ECM) beneath your skin along with the protein elastin, providing the skin with strength, durability, and flexibility. During wound healing, cells called fibroblasts stimulate the production of new collagen to start repairing the injured skin. While collagen is essential for wounds to heal properly, too much or too little leads to abnormal scar formation. In the case of keloids and hypertrophic scars, too much collagen leads to scars that are raised above the surface of your skin.
So what causes the body to start producing all of this extra collagen? According to a publication in the journalMolecular Medicine, the transformation of a wound clot into new tissue requires a delicate balance between ECM protein deposition and degradation. When this process is disrupted,abnormalities in scarring appear, resulting in either keloid or hypertrophic scar formation.
One example of how this balance can be disrupted is if the wound becomes dehydrated during the healing process. When a wound is healing, the newly regenerated stratum corneum (uppermost layer of skin)allows abnormally high levels of transepidermal water loss because it is not fully developed. If the wound continues to lose water, it can enter into a state of dehydration. In order to compensate for this physiologic stress, the body signals to various cells in the epidermis to synthesize and release collagen, thus resulting in abnormal scar formation.
So what can you do if your scar becomes raised and discolored? Since it is known that raised and discolored scars form due to improper wound healing, it’s imperative to use scar treatment products with ingredients that will keep the wound hydrated while also promoting healthy skin growth.
One ingredient that you should look for if your scar becomes raised and discolored is silicone gel.Silicone gel has been used formore than 30 yearsin the treatment of scars due to its proven safety and efficacy, especially with keloids and hypertrophic scars. One way that silicone gel will help to prevent a raised, discolored scar is by providingthe wound with proper hydration and occlusion. When silicone gel is applied to a wound or scar, it quickly dries as an ultra-thin sheet that forms an occlusive barrier. This barrier replicates the occlusion properties of the stratum corneum, normalizing hydration of the scar site to that of healthy skin. The best part about silicone gel is that while it forms this occlusive barrier, it also allows the wound to breathe so important elements like oxygen, nitrogen, and water vapors can easily pass between the skin and the environment.
In addition to silicone gel, it’s also important to look for ingredients that will promote healthy skin growth byassisting with cell turnover and skin remodeling, such as organic botanicals. Many plants have been studied for their use in wound healing and scar management based on their composition of flavonoids and other nutrients that naturally help wounds to heal. For example, certain flavonoids have demonstrated the ability toreduce fibroblast stimulation as well as collagen production, which would decrease the chance keloid or hypertrophic scar formation.
One of the best things you can do if your scar becomes raised and discolored is to use theScargenix line of scar treatment products. The three phases of this regimen address the physiological changes that your scar goes through as it heals. Each phase combines the highly effective silicone gel along with many beneficial organic botanicals that promote healthy skin growth, including the breakthrough ingredient pracaxi oil. Pracaxi oil has been used for centuries by indigenous Amazonian populations for wound healing and scar management. It provides many beneficial nutrients to the skin, such as essential fatty acids that help to rebuild the skin without inducing excessive collagen production.
Now that you know what to do if your scar becomes raised and discolored, all you have to do is head over to theScargenix shop to pick up the product that’s best for your unique scar needs!