August 14, 2017 4 min read

Do you remember that time you fell off the monkey bars as a kid and had to get stitches? Or those teenage years when you were in a constant battle with acne? Or when you nicked your finger while dicing those tomatoes a little too fast? Of course you do! Because even though these times are long in the past, the scars they left still remain.
Scars are painful. Not only do they remind us of an unfortunate event or accident, but they follow us for the rest of our lives. But what exactly causes scars? And why do some look different than others? Keep reading to learn the answers to these questions and more about the science of scars as well as how you can best treat them.


What causes the skin to scar?

The science of scars begins with the body’s natural wound healing process. When skin is wounded due to an injury, surgery, or other trauma, the body initiates an intricate process to close the wound and rebuild new tissue. The wound healing process can be divided intofour highly integrated and overlapping phases: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and tissue remodeling.
Hemostasis simply means to stop the flow of blood. In some cases, the body can achieve hemostasis on its own, like when you get a cut and it stops bleeding without the need for stitches. However, if the cut is severe, medical intervention may be necessary to close the wound.
Once hemostasis is achievedthe blood vessels dilate to allow nutrients, white blood cells, antibodies, and other beneficial elements into the affected area. The body does this to ward off infection, clear away damaged cells, and begin the tissue rebuilding process. During this stage of wound healing, a person will begin to experience the physical effects of inflammation, such as redness, heat, and swelling.
Proliferation is the next step in the wound healing process. By definition, proliferation means “a rapid increase in numbers”. As a wound begins to heal, the cells around it begin to proliferate. The margins grow toward the center of the wound, uniting at the center in order to form the new layer of skin.
The final stage of wound healing is tissue remodeling, a complex process that can last anywhere from several months to years. In this stage, fibroblasts (a type of connective tissue cell) grow into granulation tissue where they produce collagen, a structural protein, to support the newly formed tissue. Then, the collagen fibers are organized and cross-linked along tension lines (the natural orientation of collagen fibers in the dermis).
Scarring occurs during the final stage of wound healing because the newly formedcollagen is of inferior functional quality, having less strength, elasticity, and durability than the collagen of unwounded skin. Also,instead of following a basketweave pattern like normal tissue (as shown above in Picture A), the collagen fibers cross-link and form in a single direction (as shown above in Picture B). This arrangement causes a visible scar to form.


Treatments for scars

Understanding the science of scars and what causes them to form makes it easier to see why certain scar treatments work better than others.If you’ve tried other scar treatments only to be left disappointed, you're not alone. The majority of topical scar treatment products include silicone gel as the main active ingredient. In fact, silicone gel has been used formore than 30 yearsin the treatment of scars.
While it is not fully understood how silicone gel helps to minimize scarring, one of the most accepted theories is based on the ability of silicone to increase the skin’s hydration. When a wound is healing, the newly regenerated tissueallows abnormally high levels of transepidermal water loss, which causes dehydration. The state of dehydration signals to various cells in the epidermis to synthesize and release collagen. While collagen is absolutely necessary for proper wound healing, too much collagen can result in a raised, discolored scar. Normalizing hydration levels with silicone gel is thought to prevent this type of scar formation.
So what’s the problem with silicone gel? Unfortunately, when silicone gel is the only ingredient used in the scar management treatment plan, it fails to work for over half the people that try it. Luckily, we have a solution.
Scargenix starts with the same medical grade silicone base as seen in other scar treatments and adds in a breakthrough ingredient: pracaxi oil.
Pracaxi oil comes not from a state of the art lab or high tech factory, but from the depths of the Amazon rainforest, where it has been used for centuries by the native people to heal wounds.
Understanding the science of scars, Scargenix combines centuries-old pracaxi oil with modern day silicone gel. The result? A line of scar treatment products that far surpasses all current treatments on the market.
In fact, clinical testing has proven that Scargenix can reduce scar length, texture, and intensity as well as minimize redness and inflammation around the scar. Even more exciting is that Scargenix works fast:while the leading brand says you have to use their product for 6 to 8 months before noticing results, some patients using Scargenix have seen results in as little as 8 days.
Whether you have a scar that is from many years back or one that is brand new,Scargenix has the right scar treatment product for you. The dual phase Scargenix Advanced Scar Therapy provides your scar with the right ingredients at the right time. This therapy can be used on all skin types and all scar types, including post-surgery scars, cuts, scrapes, stitches, burns, and post-acne scars. Scargenix even has an entire line of products dedicated to the prevention and treatment of stretch marks.
Think all of this sounds too good to be true? We invite you to experience our powerful scar treatment products for yourself. We are so confident that you’ll see results after using our product, we offer a 60-day money back guarantee on all our Scargenix line of scar treatments! No risk, only real results!